August 2021

Chazarah and Shinun: Reviewing To The Point of Mastery

What would it mean to us as Jewish educators, and to our students, if we made the mastery of Jewish texts more intentional? Relevant ideas, dilemmas, wisdom, and inspiration abound, but unless we ground them in Jewish texts that we master and make part of ourselves, our pedagogies and learning experiences are fleeting—thin rather than thick articulated expressions of our values—too general and undifferentiated to memorably and meaningfully bring alive our Jewish identity and connection.

As American educators and program designers, we shy away from repetition and review, in favor of novelty and creativity. We are driven by mass marketing principles, looking to grab interest with what is new, different, colorful, and emotionally resonant. And while these are valuable ways to attract and hold the attention of the student, we should not forget that we are not only trying to attract them into the store but also to have them walk out having “purchased” something that they can keep. This requires regular reviewing of what has been learned, to the point of mastery. Mastery absorbing material so it lives within us, not within a book can be useful intellectually. (It’s convenient to know the blessings over food or the books of Tanach without having to look them up). Mastery can also lead to deeper thinking. We might encounter a point of view in a text and immediately think of another text that has a somewhat different perspective. The effort to reconcile those differences can lead to a more nuanced understanding. But the most powerful reason to master texts is because it creates a feeling of deep connection. The things we love, we love to talk about. And the things we constantly talk about, we come to love. In the words of Rabbi Shneur Zalman of Liadi, Jewish learning connects us to the “mind” of G-d and  builds a deep and intimate spiritual bond. Ironically, we may find in the process that review and mastery are not the enemy of creativity and experiential richnessbut rather that the two approaches complement each other: constraints inspire creativity and out-of-the-box and sensory experiences enhance memory and mastery. When program designers incorporate a text that is short enough and rich enough to revisit repeatedly over the course of an experiential program, to the point of fluent mastery of the text, we create a sense of deep ownership, belonging, and Jewish connection as the text begins to live within the learner.

Silberstein.Chana

Dr. Chana Silberstein

Educational Director
Rotiman Chabad Center at Cornell University Ithaca, NY

Jewish Pedagogies Circle

Chana has been co-founder and educational director of the Roitman Chabad Center at Cornell University since 1984. While serving as founding dean of curriculum at the Rohr Jewish Learning Institute, she produced over 25 adult educational courses. She is consulting editor and a frequent writer and reviewer for Lubavitch International. She previously served on the board of the Sinai Scholars Society and currently serves on the National Accreditation Board for Merkos L’inyanei Chinuch as well as the board of Batsheva Learning Center. Chana is a graduate of Gateshead Jewish Teacher’s Training College and holds a doctorate from Cornell University.